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03.14.03 Cunningham, Frank, General Stand Watie’s Confederate Indians, published in 1959.

Notes Concerning the Author

Frank Cunningham earned doctorates in Letters, Education and Philosophy. He also received honorary doctorates in Humanities, Journalism, Law and Literature. Two of his other notable works include the books Big Dan: The Story of a Colorful Railroader and Sky Master: The Story of Donald Douglas.

Our Review

Frank Cunningham presents the interesting story of Stand Watie, who was a slaveholder, planter and leader of mixed-blood Cherokees. The author relates how Watie, commissioned with the rank of colonel, organized the First Cherokee Rifles for service in the Trans-Mississippi Theater. Cunningham relates that in 1864 the intrepid and successful Watie was promoted to brigadier, thereby becoming the highest ranking Native American officer in the Confederacy. Mr.

Cunningham further notes that Stand Watie was the last Confederate general to surrender the forces under his command.

This work also touches upon Native American history in the South, including the injustices forced upon by the Cherokees. Topics include the “trail of tears,” the alignment of the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokees, Seminoles, Creeks, Choctaws and Chickasaws) of Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) with the Confederate States of America and contributions made by Native Americans serving in Confederate forces.

Availability of this Book

The original 1959 edition is no longer available. Hardback and paperback printings of the 1998 University of Oklahoma Press version are available in new or used condition through Internet retailers.