James Adair (1709?–1783?) was born in Ireland and settled in Charles Town, South Carolina, about 1735. South Carolinaians early developed an extensive trade by pack train with Indians of the Southeast and were among the first explorers of the region. Not much is known about Adair but he engaged in this trade and was evidently an educated man. In 1774 he lived with the Chickasaws in what is now Mississippi. He was also familiar with the Catawba, Cherokee, and Choctaw. His account is remarkably comprehensive and remains a basic source for historians and anthropologists. The book has been republished at least twice and is available in several online versions.