William Bartram (1739–1823) of Philadelphia ranks with John J. Audubon as a scientist/artist who early explored and described the plants and animals of the Southeastern States. Departing from Charleston in 1773, Bartram spent four years in the wilderness recording the flora and fauna and the Indians, with whom he lived for extensive periods. He was the first to make systematic study and description of the Everglades and of the Seminoles. His vivid diary is rightly considered one of the classics of early Americana. The book is available on line and was republished in at least four editions in the 20th century.